Types of Ropeways
This icon will function as an information point, it will provide a general overview of types of ropeways. Depending on the area requirements both in urban and winter sports areas different types of installations are needed to satisfy individual needs.
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Fixed grip installations
Fixed grip installations are the types of ropeways whose grip is permanently fixed and tight on the rope and is not taken off the rope in the station.
Surface lifts are products of decades of experience seeing a lot of installations worldwide. They can operate in almost any weather condition and are characterized by low maintenance cost. They are popular especially in smaller ski resorts for short and flat slopes. In major and small ski resorts they are mainly used for beginner areas with ski schools.
Fixed Grip Chairlifts
Fixed grip chairlift are also renowned for their decade of experience and they are often chosen for their enviable robust engineering, their life operations in combination with relatively convenient investment costs. Today fixed grip chairlifts are mainly available for 2 and 4 passengers.
Pulsed Gondola ropeways
Pulsed gondola ropeways are also fixed-grip installations. They operate with one or more sets of vehicles lined up one after another. As the sets pass through the stations the rope speed immediately slows. Pulsed Gondola ropeways operate in both summer and winter season and because of their limited transport capacity they are suitable for short ropeways.
Detachable installations are characterized by the possibility of detaching the vehicles in the stations from the rope. This enables a higher speed on the line, a lower speed in the station and makes the boarding and de-boarding more comfortable for the passengers. According to this, a significantly higher transport capacity as well as more comfort for the passenger can be achieved. Detachable installations are on the market since the 80’s and are considered to be the “state of the art” technology of modern ropeway systems.
Detachable chairlift are representing the most popular, comfortable and fastest transport system for winter sports enthusiasts. The bubbles protect skiers against any weather condition. They can be taken down at any time during the drive. Moreover they are available in different colors to offer a pleasant view even in bad weather conditions. In cold temperatures the seat heating warms the bench to offer a more comfortable ride.
Monocable Detachable Gondola Lifts
Monocable detachable gondola have one rope acting as carrying and hauling rope at the same time. The cabins are available in different designs such as rectangular and round designs always having an aluminum structure frame. The large windows are offering the passenger a panoramic view. They are also available with seat heating. The cabins of this type of installation are transporting up to 10 passengers per cabin. In addition to classic winter sports tourism, ropeways are increasingly in demand for alternative purposes such as transport to tourist sights, city commuting, and as attractions themselves.
Telemix: combined detachable chairlift and gondola lift
Telemix is the name given to what today is the combination of two vehicle types in one installation system - chairs and gondolas. This type of installation combines the advantages of both ropeway systems. Experienced skiers may prefer the comfortable chairs as they don’t have to take off their skis. On the other hand beginners, children or non-skiers enjoy the gondolas.
Bicable (2S) & Tricable (3S) Gondola lifts
These detachable ropeway systems take their names from the number of their ropes. A bicable gondola lift has a carrying and a hauling rope. A tricable gondola lift has two carrying ropes and one hauling rope. 3S installations can achieve a transport capacity of over 5,000 passengers per hour and a speed up to 7 m/s – so they are able to transport many satisfied passengers. These systems are an attractive alternative for urban transportation because of their low energy consumption, high transport capacities, highest standard of operating safety, the possibility of an extremely wide span between towers and they perform extremely well in windy conditions - even at high wind speeds of over 100 km/h.
Aerial tramways are very attractive ropeway systems. They are ideal for extremely steep terrain, high levels of availability and good stability in wind. Aerial tramways have one or two carriers running to and fro either on one carrying hauling rope or on one or two track ropes, with a haul rope providing the traction. The biggest cabins for aerial tramways can accommodate up to 200 people.
Systems on rails
Funiculars run on tracks and are mainly used to overcome altitude differences. Car capacity varies as individual cars can be combined to form train sets. Funiculars are the fastest ropeway system: with line speeds of up to 14 m/s and high levels of availability they are often used as public transportation means in cities.
Minimetro: Automatic people mover
The cable-drawn automatic people mover is a detachable ropeway system on rails for both short and medium distance operations. It is perfectly suitable for the public transportation for example as connections to airports, in towns and small cities for different transit systems like park and ride or busy locations like shopping malls. This system offers outstanding flexibility for the integration within the already existing urban infrastructure.
Inclined elevators employ the same basic technology as vertical elevators. They are the perfect system for straight lines over short distances. These systems are fully automatic and there is no need for operating personnel.